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Cardiovascular disease related to type 2 diabetes can be reduced significantly.

Properly composed treatment and refraining from cigarette consumption can significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease resulting from type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine August 16, 2018. In some cases, the increased risks could theoretically be eliminated.

“This is definitely good news. The study shows that patients with type 2 diabetes with all risk factors within therapeutic target range had an extremely low risk of premature death, heart attack and stroke,” says Aidin Rawshani, medical intern and doctoral student at the Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden, and author of the article.

A crucial aspect is how well a number of risk factors are controlled with medication and by not smoking. These factors are blood pressure, long-term blood glucose, lipid status (fats and fat-like substances in the blood), renal function and smoking.

Smoking proved to be the most importantant risk factor for premature death, while elevated blood glucose level was the most dangerous factor for hearty attack and stroke.

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